There are two types of UV rays – UVA and UVB – both of which can harm your skin. UVA rays penetrate deep into the layers of the skin and lead to premature signs of aging, which include fine lines and wrinkles. UVB rays are the primary cause of sunburn, because they penetrate the outer layer of skin and cause damage to skin cells. Too much exposure from either UVA or UVB rays can play a part in causing skin cancer.
Sunburn is an inflammatory response of the skin caused by excessive ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure. Both UVA and UVB wavelength cause sunburn. UVB rays are the primary cause of sunburn because they penetrate outer layer of the skin cells, creating erythema (superficial reddening of the skin). Once the skin cells have been damaged, the body sloughs them off. (This is the peeling process after sunburn). UVA rays penetrate more deeply, causing long-term DNA damage, including skin cancer. Skin cancer can be deadly and spread very quickly. A yearly physical should include a scan of your skin to map any unusual dark spots or moles. Irregular edges are a warning sign to watch the area carefully.
We’ve seen visible sign of aging over the years simply by looking at areas rarely exposed to sun, versus your hands, neck or face. This is why one should never leave the house without sunscreen. Sun damage is very difficult to reverse, and the answer lies in prevention. Once the skin is exposed to UV rays, damage has been done. It may not show immediately, but ultimately appears as wrinkles and lax skin because of the breakdown of collagen and elastin over years of exposure.
Remember UVB intensity is at its peak between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. Wear a hat, use good sunscreen (yes, I sell sunscreen) and avoid peak hours in the sun. Use high quality skin care products with active ingredients that can help heal skin on a deep level. Call us to discuss your concerns and we can help design a program to battle sun damage and improve your skin texture and tone.
Eva’s Old-World Tip for Sunburn Relief
I learned this sunburn relief back in Hungary from my mother and I still use it to this day. The enzymes and lactic acid provide amazing relief and healing!
Ingredients: 1/2 cup of sour cream or plain yogurt
Directions: Apply to sunburn area like you would a mask and leave on until it reaches room temperature. Gently wash off. Re-apply if extra relief is needed.